On January 11, the Ombudsperson for Academic Ethics and Procedures Dr Loreta Tauginienė presented the Guidelines for Ethical Review to the members of the Rectors’ Conference of Lithuanian University Colleges and on January 15th, to the members of the Science Committee of the Lithuanian University Rectors’ Conference.
During the presentation, the Ombudsperson pointed out that the results of the study conducted by the Office on the practice of ensuring research ethics in research and higher education institutions are worrying. Presenting the results of the survey Responsible Research Barometer 2020, she stressed that every second respondent involved in the survey was not well aware of the provisions on the research ethics and publication ethics (REPE); according to slightly more than half of the respondents, their institutions did not implement the REPE provisions in their activities; more than every third respondent had never deepened his knowledge in the field of REPE in the last three years. She went on with her report by presenting the results of another survey carried out by the Office: The monetary value of REPE violations following the revocation of a research publication of at least EUR 16 thousand.
Explaining the purpose and objectives of the Guidelines for Ethical Review, the Head of the Office emphasized that the ethical review should be considered one of the indicators of research quality and the implementation of open science and international standards and practice. She also pointed out that, during the ethical review, a significant focus is given on the research data management and the prevention of unethical behaviour of the researcher.
Guidelines for Ethical Review have been prepared by adapting good practice in European countries (e.g. the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Kingdom of Norway, Finland), experiences of research-intensive universities (e.g. Oxford University) and by consulting with stakeholders in Lithuania (e.g. Lithuanian Bioethics Committee, the Office of the Ombudsperson for Children Rights of the Republic of Lithuania, State Data Protection Inspectorate).
We firmly believe that the internet should be available and accessible to anyone, and are committed to providing a website that is accessible to the widest possible audience, regardless of circumstance and ability.
To fulfill this, we aim to adhere as strictly as possible to the World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1 (WCAG 2.1) at the AA level. These guidelines explain how to make web content accessible to people with a wide array of disabilities. Complying with those guidelines helps us ensure that the website is accessible to all people: blind people, people with motor impairments, visual impairment, cognitive disabilities, and more.
This website utilizes various technologies that are meant to make it as accessible as possible at all times. We utilize an accessibility interface that allows persons with specific disabilities to adjust the website’s UI (user interface) and design it to their personal needs.
Additionally, the website utilizes an AI-based application that runs in the background and optimizes its accessibility level constantly. This application remediates the website’s HTML, adapts Its functionality and behavior for screen-readers used by the blind users, and for keyboard functions used by individuals with motor impairments.
If you’ve found a malfunction or have ideas for improvement, we’ll be happy to hear from you. You can reach out to the website’s operators by using the following email
Our website implements the ARIA attributes (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) technique, alongside various different behavioral changes, to ensure blind users visiting with screen-readers are able to read, comprehend, and enjoy the website’s functions. As soon as a user with a screen-reader enters your site, they immediately receive a prompt to enter the Screen-Reader Profile so they can browse and operate your site effectively. Here’s how our website covers some of the most important screen-reader requirements, alongside console screenshots of code examples:
Screen-reader optimization: we run a background process that learns the website’s components from top to bottom, to ensure ongoing compliance even when updating the website. In this process, we provide screen-readers with meaningful data using the ARIA set of attributes. For example, we provide accurate form labels; descriptions for actionable icons (social media icons, search icons, cart icons, etc.); validation guidance for form inputs; element roles such as buttons, menus, modal dialogues (popups), and others. Additionally, the background process scans all of the website’s images and provides an accurate and meaningful image-object-recognition-based description as an ALT (alternate text) tag for images that are not described. It will also extract texts that are embedded within the image, using an OCR (optical character recognition) technology. To turn on screen-reader adjustments at any time, users need only to press the Alt+1 keyboard combination. Screen-reader users also get automatic announcements to turn the Screen-reader mode on as soon as they enter the website.
These adjustments are compatible with all popular screen readers, including JAWS and NVDA.
Users can also use shortcuts such as “M” (menus), “H” (headings), “F” (forms), “B” (buttons), and “G” (graphics) to jump to specific elements.
We aim to support the widest array of browsers and assistive technologies as possible, so our users can choose the best fitting tools for them, with as few limitations as possible. Therefore, we have worked very hard to be able to support all major systems that comprise over 95% of the user market share including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Opera and Microsoft Edge, JAWS and NVDA (screen readers), both for Windows and for MAC users.
Despite our very best efforts to allow anybody to adjust the website to their needs, there may still be pages or sections that are not fully accessible, are in the process of becoming accessible, or are lacking an adequate technological solution to make them accessible. Still, we are continually improving our accessibility, adding, updating and improving its options and features, and developing and adopting new technologies. All this is meant to reach the optimal level of accessibility, following technological advancements. For any assistance, please reach out to